Dor nas costas em escolares do ensino fundamental está relacionada aos hábitos de tela

Artigo Publicado em AIMS Public Health, 7(3): 562–573
Escrito por Erivelton Fernandes França, Michel Monteiro Macedo, Fernando Francisco Pazello
Mafra, Gabrielle Mitico Miyake, Romildo Torres da Silva, Tania Regina de França,
Thyago Ribeiro dos Santos, João Pedro da Silva Junior, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo,
Nelson Morini Junior, Eduardo Natali Della Valentina, Fábio Dupart Nascimento and Rodrigo
Álvaro Brandão Lopes Martins.


Abstract

Purpose: Verify the influences of physical activity level, nutritional status and screen
habits on the prevalence of back pain in Brazilian students. Methods: The sample consisted of 577
schoolchildren (female = 274; male = 303) aged between 10 and 16 years old, regularly enrolled in
the 6th grade of elementary school living in the metropolitan area of the Alto Tietê of the state of
São Paulo, Brazil. The prevalence, intensity and frequency of pain was verified with the Back Pain
Assessment Instrument. The usual practice of physical activity was verified with the Physical
Activity Questionnaire for Older Children/Adolescent. Nutritional status was analyzed using Body
Mass Index. Screen habits were obtained through a previously structured questionnaire. Results:
The Chi-square test indicated that pain complaint and its prevalence in the cervical region are
significantly higher in females (p < 0.05). The multiple logistic regression test revealed that
watching television influences the prevalence of cervical pain and that the use of more than one
screen increases the occurrence of low back pain in male students (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Female
students were the most affected by back pain complain, especially in the cervical region. However,
factors associated with the prevalence of back pain were found only in males.

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