Relationship between obesity and biochemical markers in Brazilian adolescents

Artigo publicado na Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum 2014, 16(3):268-276A. Escrito por Alexandre Romero, Leandro Fornias Machado de Rezende, Simone Cristina Scarpa Romero, Betzabeth Slater Villar


Abstract – The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of biochemical markers and associate with obesity in Brazilian adolescents enrolled in public schools in a rural area. The sample consisted of 199 adolescents between 10 to 14 years old from Piracicaba, Brazil. The obesity was measured by body mass index (BMI) and according to the World Health Organization curves. We collected blood for biochemical markers analysis (total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, triacylglycerol, insulin and glycemia). Mann Whitney test was used to compare continuous variables between sexes. Chi-square test was used to compare proportions. To investigate the association between the independent variables and biochemical markers a multiple logistic regression model was performed. Among 199 adolescents, 23.1% was obese and 65.8% were insufficiently active. A high prevalence of dyslipidemia (71.4%) was observed, whereas the low levels  of high density lipoprotein (40.7%) were the most prevalent. An association between obesity and undesirable values for high density lipoprotein, triacylglycerol and insulin resistance was found. Obese adolescents were less likely to present a desirable value for high density lipoprotein. It is understood that obesity is detrimental to metabolic profile and should be prevented and treated even in adolescence.

Key words: Adolescents; Dyslipidemia; Obesity; Risk factors.

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